This treatment is done when the infection has gone to deeper areas of the gums and roots involving the bone. Its a minor surgical procedure where the gum tissue is partially detached from the roots and bone, the entire tissue is scraped out of the infected tissues . The roots are also cleaned to more depth and the gum flap is placed back and sutured.
As mentioned earlier, severe gum diseases can lead to the loss of the supporting bone there by causing mobility of tooth. In such cases, after examining the X-Rays synthetic bone materials are placed in the bone lost areas. This is called bone grafting. Once the graft is grown into bone, the teeth will become rigid and firm.